Texas Energy Museum


In 2001, Texas is celebrating the 100-year anniversary of the discovery of the Spindletop oil field, which was the first to yield such quantities of oil that it became industry's fuel of choice. The famous 1901 Spindletop gusher was named for mining engineer Capt. Anthony Lucas, who was backed by wildcatters James Guffey and John Galey and financier Andrew Mellon. The Hamill Brothers of Corsicana, Texas, considered the best rotary drillers of the day, were hired to drill the well. At 1,006 feet, their drill got stuck and, while attempting to free it, the first gusher blew in. Within a year, there were 285 active wells on Spindletop Hill.

Activity Details

Activity Type:Trips and Destinations
Discipline:Nuclear & Petroleum
Topic(s):Energy
Grade:K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12
Time:Full day

Fun Fact:In 1892, Pattillo Higgins, a self-taught geologist, helped form the Gladys City Oil, Gas, and Manufacturing Company, one of the earliest oil companies incorporated in Texas. The company was the first to drill on Spindletop Hill in 1893, but the technology proved inadequate. History's most famous oil field remained undiscovered until 1901.